The Paracrine Function of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Response to Pulsed Focused Ultrasound

Journal: Cell Transplantation
Authors: Mehdi Razavi, Melika Rezaee, Arsenii Telichko, Hakan Inan, Jeremy Dahl, Utkan Demirci, Avnesh S Thakor

Abstract

We studied the paracrine function of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from various sources in response to pulsed focused ultrasound (pFUS). Human adipose tissue (AD), bone marrow (BM), and umbilical cord (UC) derived MSCs were exposed to pFUS at two intensities: 0.45 W/cm2ISATA(310 kPa PNP) and 1.3 W/cm2ISATA(540 kPa PNP). Following pFUS, the viability and proliferation of MSCs were assessed using a hemocytometer and confocal microscopy, and their secreted cytokine profile determined using a multiplex ELISA. Our findings showed that pFUS can stimulate the production of immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and angiogenic cytokines from MSCs which was dependent on both the source of MSC being studied and the acoustic intensity employed. These important findings set the foundation for additional mechanistic and validation studies using this novel noninvasive and clinically translatable technology for modulating MSC biology.

Read more: https://doi.org/10.1177/0963689720965478

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